Stock Market Sectors: 11 Official GICS Groups The Motley Fool

Or, they may choose to invest in a fund that offers exposure to multiple sectors. Companies in the health care sector provide medical services, make medical equipment, research and produce pharmaceuticals, sell health insurance, and otherwise facilitate health care for individuals. Despite dips in the stock market over the past three years, health care sector Web Developer Resume Examples Template & Guide 20 Tips gains outpaced those of the S&P 500. The financials sector consists of companies involved in banking, including mortgage and consumer finance, as well as investment banks, brokerage firms and insurance companies. The sector has shown robust growth and profitability, but can be affected significantly by the trend of interest rates, causing cyclicality.

A better way to measure sector size, however, is using market capitalization. Consumer discretionary is a term to describe goods and services that are deemed non-essential by consumers. To list, this sector consists of retailers, apparel companies, media companies, consumer durables, and consumer service providers. These companies usually benefit from consumers that have extra disposable income to spend, and they may therefore receive a boost with an improving economy.

11 sectors of the stock market

When investing, you can choose from stocks within the sectors that interest you. Sectors also make it easier to compare which stocks are making the most money. This helps you make decisions about what your next investments will be. The telecommunication services sector features cable companies, internet service providers, wireless providers, satellite companies, and many more. Consumers are generally providing recurring revenue for these companies, but some subsets of the industry face rapid change. Investing in individual telecom stocks may present higher volatility, but the telecom sector overall has exhibited reasonable long-term growth.

Crude Oil

A sector represents one part of the stock market and every sector has things that make it unique. As part of your investment research, consider how one sector may play off another and how that might translate to returns. If you’re investing in sector funds or ETFs, pay attention to the expense ratio for each fund and balance that against earnings potential. When deciding which market sectors to invest in, it’s important to look beyond size and consider how well one sector versus another performs. A simple way to measure this is in terms of how performance compares to the broader market as a whole.

11 sectors of the stock market

The stock market is a multi-faceted and diverse site of trading, with 11 sectors classified under the Global Industry Classification Standard . Here are the basics on the 11 stock market sectors, to help you make informed decisions about where and what you want to trade. The consumer discretionary sector consists of retailers, media companies, consumer service providers, apparel companies and consumer durables.

The following industries make up the information technology sector:

Some of the biggest Consumer Staples companies include Procter & Gamble, Walmart, Coca-Cola, Target, Colgate-Palmolive, Monster Beverage, General Mills, Hershey, Campbell Soup, Clorox, and more. View a complete list of real estate ETFs on our sister site ETF Database here. Check out ETFdb’sStock Exposuretool to view and download a list of all ETFs that can provide you with exposure to a specific stock. View a complete list of healthcare ETFs on our sister site ETF Database here.

  • When people struggle financially, they’re less likely to go out and buy a new home.
  • There are 11 stock market sectors, as classified by GICS, which stands for Global Industry Classification Standard.
  • Here are the 11 stock market sectors, starting with the highest-growth stock sector from 2017 to 2022 and descending in order.
  • These industries rely on a strong economy where people can spend on more luxurious items, such as buying a new car or traveling on vacation.
  • Titan Global Capital Management USA LLC (« Titan ») is an investment adviser registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).

Also, some companies in this sector may struggle as technology advances and they’re forced to adapt. The consumer staples sector consists of food and beverage companies as well as companies that create products consumers deemed essential for everyday use. In general, these companies are defensive plays and are able to maintain stable growth regardless of the broader state of the economy.

Diversification is a method where investors spread their money across different types of investments to reduce exposure to risk. You’ve probably heard the proverb « Don’t put all your eggs in one basket. » Diversification helps with that because each type poloniex broker review of investment offers different potential for gains and losses. So to diversify, a person may choose to invest in stocks across different sectors and company sizes, for instance, and spread some of their money across different asset classes, too.


While a firm may be classified in one area, it often has significant operations in others. So it can be important to see the big picture of what a company does and not get too tied down to the classification. GICS was developed in 1999 by MSCI and Standard & Poor’s, two giants in the financial industry. The Utility sector is the place to go if you look for regular income through dividend payments.

11 sectors of the stock market

These are products consumers might consider purchasing with excess funds , including automobiles and related components, consumer durables , textiles, apparel, and other luxury goods. The consumer discretionary sector also includes leisure products and services, such as restaurant stocks, hotels, casinos, and other businesses in the leisure industry. Companies in the energy sector are responsible for the oil, gas, coal canada crypto broker and consumable fuels that much of industry and trade need to run. Companies in this sector move in correlation with the price of the fuels they produce, and are susceptible to the volatility of oil and gas prices. Examples of companies in the energy sector include Chevron, Shell and Equinor. The consumer discretionary sector covers goods and services for which consumer demand depends upon consumer financial status.

Communication services sector

Companies to invest in within the utilities sectors are Sempra, PPL and American Water Works. Some of the many industrials companies you can invest in are Energizer Holdings, FedEx and Huntington Ingalls Industries. I’ve also included a snapshot of each sector’s performance in 2019 and the start of 2020. The content on this website is for informational purposes only and does not constitute a comprehensive description of Titan’s investment advisory services. My favorite stock-picking service is Motley Fool Stock Advisor, which has a proven track record of beating the market with excellent stock research reports. Utilities have a sector because the government regulates utilities more extensively than normal companies.

With so many businesses and companies in the Wall Street mix, it only makes sense that someone should take the time out to sort them all. The real estate sector involves companies invested in industrial, residential, and retail real estate. Rent income and real estate capital appreciation make up the main sources of revenue for these companies. The results tend to make this sector sensitive to interest rate changes.

If you watch it, hear it, download it, stream it, or speak into it, it’s a Communications Services company. Consumer businesses are split into two different sectors of the S&P 500. If Gorilla Trades were a public company, we’d be in the Financials sector.

Others buy diversified companies such as Disney , Comcast Corporation , and AT&T . A great way to monitor the Basic Materials Sector is to examine the ProShares Short Basic Materials ETF . This Exchange Traded Fund’s benchmark is the daily performance Dow Jones US Basic Materials Index.

The GISC was developed by S&P Dow Jones Indices and Morgan Stanley Capital International in 1999. It now serves as the basis for many mutual funds and exchange-traded funds . So it’s a big deal when the GICS classification changes or a company is added to or removed from the schema. The move could cause significant buying or selling of affected stocks, and may even change the company’s ability to access cheaper funding. My favorite software for stock market news is Benzinga Pro, with its super-fast real-time news engine, squawk box, and news impact ratings. Many Utility Companies operate infrastructure that delivers those services.


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