Asset Turnover: Formula, Calculation, and Interpretation

asset turnover ratio formula

Depreciation is the allocation of the cost of a fixed asset, which is spread out—or expensed—each year throughout the asset’s useful life. Typically, a higher fixed asset turnover ratio indicates that a company has more effectively utilized its investment in fixed assets to generate revenue. Assume that during a recent year a company’s income statement reported net sales of $2,100,000. During the same period, the company’s total assets reported on its 12 monthly balance sheets averaged $1,400,000.

What does EBITDA stand for?

EBITDA, or earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, is a valuable way to measure a company's financial health and ability to generate cash flow.

Higher turnover ratios mean the company is using its assets more efficiently. Lower ratios mean that the company isn’t using its assets efficiently and most likely have management or production problems.

The Asset Turnover Ratio: An Important Ratio for Small Businesses

The higher the asset turnover ratio, the better the company is performing, since higher ratios imply that the company is generating more revenue per dollar of assets. The ratio measures the efficiency of how well a company uses assets to produce sales.

asset turnover ratio formula

For investors, that can translate into a greater return on shareholder equity. Companies with a lower asset turnover ratio may be relying too heavily on equity and debt to generate revenue, which can hurt their performance and long-term growth potential. The asset turnover ratio is a way to measure the value of a company’s sales compared to the value of the company’s assets.

What Does an Asset Turnover of One Mean?

If your ratio is going down, it may be time to do an analysis of your sales processes and the status of your current assets. You may need to make new investments in order to raise your ratio, but depending on what you find, it could mean you need new sales processes or even a new product. “Net sales” refers specifically to the sales revenue your company has earned after subtracting returns, allowances, discounts or any other losses. This makes it different than “gross sales,” which is the grand total of every sale transaction that occurred within a specific period, but without any subtractions. This means that the company’s assets generate 10% of net sales per their value. Another way to think of it is to assume every $1 in assets generates 10 cents in net sales revenue.

asset turnover ratio formula

Her assets at the start of her business were minimal at $40,000, but her year-end assets totaled $127,000. Do this by running a balance sheet dated January 1, 2019, and then running a second balance sheet dated December 31, 2019. If you’re keeping books manually, you’ll need to access both balances from your ledger. For the sake of completing the ratio, let’s say that your net sales for the year was $128,000, which you’ll use when calculating the asset turnover ratio. There is no definitive answer as to whether high or low asset turnover is good or bad. However, a higher ratio is generally seen as better as it implies that the company is making good use of its assets. To work out the average total assets you add the value of the assets at the beginning of the year to the value of assets at the end of the year and divide the result by two.

Free Guide

The ratio compares the dollar amount of sales or revenues to the company’s total assets to measure the efficiency asset turnover ratio formula of the company’s operations. A key part of running a successful small business is using your assets efficiently.

  • Asset management ratios are the key to analyzing how effectively your business is managing its assets to produce sales.
  • So, it cannot measure the efficiency of the company to service long-term debt.
  • An asset turnover ratio equal to one means the net sales of a company for a specific period are equal to the average assets for that period.
  • Do this by running a balance sheet dated January 1, 2019, and then running a second balance sheet dated December 31, 2019.
  • This ratio is used as a financial indicator which tells the efficiency of a company in the management of its assets.
  • Additionally, you can track how your investments into ordering new assets have performed year-over-year to see if the decisions paid off or require adjustments going forward.


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